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第十六届“二十一世纪的计算”大会演讲视频

 

2014年10月29日由微软亚洲研究院与北京大学联合主办的“二十一世纪的计算”大型学术研讨会,在北京大学举行。包括有“计算机科学领域的诺贝尔奖”之称的图灵奖获得者、来自微软及学术界的科学家在内的数位享誉世界的计算领域大师齐聚一堂,与现场近2500名师生共同畅想“计算人生”。

大会官方网站http://www.msra.cn/zh-cn/um/events/21ccc/2014/

 

The Pipeline from Computing Research to Surprising Inventions

Abstract:
One of the most exciting aspects of computer science is that the results of basic research so often end up being applied in completely unexpected ways. At Microsoft Research, we actively seek out these surprising outcomes, by building a pipeline that connects long-term, blue-sky research to technological innovations. This talk will illustrate the power of this pipeline by delving into the details of several research projects.

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Peter Lee
微软全球资深副总裁
美国计算机协会(ACM)院士

 

 

Butler W. Lampson
微软公司技术院士
麻省理工学院电子工程和计算机科学系客座教授
1992年图灵奖获得者

 

 

Personal Control of Digital Data

Abstract:
People around the world are concerned that more and more of their personal data is on the Internet, where it's easy to find, copy, and link up with other data. What people most often want is a sense of control over their data. Many people feel that this control is a fundamental human right, or an essential part of your property rights to your data.
Regulators are starting to respond to these concerns. Because societies around the world have different cultural norms and governments have different priorities, there will not be a single worldwide regulatory regime. However, it does seem possible to have a single set of basic technical mechanisms that support regulation.

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Michael Brady
牛津大学肿瘤成像学教授
英国皇家学会、医学科学院、皇家工程院院士,国际工程技术学会(IET)荣誉院士

 

 

Computing and Healthcare

Abstract
Computing is already transforming healthcare; but the possibilities remain endless. Hospitals, entire communities are already networked, and Cloud will increasingly play a role, but there are major (legal) compliance issues with personal data. There is a continuing stream of technology innovations, from robotics to tablets, to mobile phones, and wearable devices. However, software is the key differentiator for technology that quickly becomes commodity. The key consideration is that doctors are drowning in data: what they need is information. To this end, some of main contributors have been: image and signal analysis; and AI and machine learning. Realizing the many opportunities in healthcare requires computing scientists to work in teams with physicists, chemists, and biologists. Relationships between clinicians, researchers, and industry are key.

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Anil K. Jain
密歇根州立大学计算机科学与工程系杰出教授
美国科学促进会(AAAS)、美国计算机协会(ACM)、电气电子工程师学会(IEEE)、国际光学工程学会(SPIE)院士

 

 

Biometrics - How Do I Know Who You Are

Abstract:
Many of the activities in our everyday life depend on an array of cards and passwords that we need to provide to confirm who we are. But lose a card, and your ATM will refuse to give you money. Forget a password, and your own computer may not let you login. Allow your card or passwords to fall into the wrong hands, and what were intended to be security measures can become the tools of fraud or result in loss of privacy. Biometrics — the automated recognition of people via distinctive anatomical and behavioral traits (e.g., fingerprint, face, iris, gait) — has the potential to overcome many of these problems with cards and passwords. This talk will introduce the origins of biometric recognition, a snapshot of state of the art capabilities, and opportunities and challenges for research in this exciting technology that is permeating our society.

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Computing the Universe

Abstract:
Computer science has gone far beyond its traditional role of solving real world problems by computer. Over the last 80 years, computer scientists have developed a novel, algorithmic way of understanding the capabilities and limitations of computers that has proven valuable to contemplating important and deep problems in the sciences. This talk will review how recent computational insights have changed the way we think about the quantum nature of the universe, the puzzle of phase transitions, the prediction of rational behavior in economics, and even the Darwinian evolution of a species.

Christos H. Papadimitriou
加州大学伯克利分校计算机科学系教授
美国科学促进会(AAAS)、美国计算机协会(ACM)、美国国家工程院(NAE)、美国国家科学院(NAS)院士

 

 

洪小文
微软亚洲研究院院长
微软亚太研发集团主席
微软杰出首席科学家,电气电子工程师学会(IEEE)院士

 

 

Do More, Know More, and Be More through Computational Living

Abstract:
Computers have become pervasive throughout our daily lives. From the use of computing for communication, work, and entertainment to the use of computing in specific domains such as education and health, computing has become more important as tools and assistants to help us to do more, know more, and be more. In this talk, I will present example research projects from MSR Asia which show how our lives are becoming intertwined with the use of computing.

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